Population in India is approximately 10 to 1 compared to the population of the United States.
The average temperature is 90 degrees with high humidity and a monsoon season lasting from June through the end of September.
he high humidity contributes to excessive mold growth therefore it is more practical not to paint walls nor cover floors with carpeting, therefore typical furniture in a home are pillows and throw-rugs.
Relationships and intellectual conversation are more important to the Indian population than personal beauty of the home.
A walled barrier of some type surrounds many homes in the urban centers.
In rural areas residents all live in villages so that they can rely on each other’s help.
Religious beliefs play a major role in the design of the home. For example cows share the living quarters, and a religious shrine may be the only decoration or focal point in the home.
Running water and indoor plumbing are not the norm. Most cooking and clean-up takes place outside on a cement slab or on hard clean swept dirt/dung. Village wells and the need for water purity are becoming more of the local practice. India has been de-forested. Fire is still the most common source of heat for food preparation. Dung is the most common fuel source.
Lack of sound construction practices, inadequate building budgets, poor quality of materials, theft, mold, humidity, lack of sanitation all play a part in the production of building that cannot stand the test of time.
Natural materials such as mud, thatch and cow dung are materials readily available and used for most rural home construction.
Bathing is part of all Indian’s daily routine. The usual system used is a bucket of warm water with a small pitcher. If facilities are inside than a place is available for this bathing, if not community wells are used (especially for the males) or the water is transported to the home by large ceramic pots.
No formal garbage system but rag pickers are part of every day life and pick up and sell plastic, paper, wire etc.
Many beds are made of woven fiber and families sleep outside when weather permits.